Racial Diversity is the Gospel Apologetic of the New Testament

How do you know the gospel is true?

All kinds of ways really. We know it’s true because of the fruit in our lives – the outworking of the Holy Spirit in tangible ways among us. We know it’s true because of historical validation and eyewitness accounts. We know it’s true because of the way, not only in the Bible but before our very eyes, that people change in a moment when they encounter Jesus. But in the New Testament, perhaps the primary tangible validation of the reality of the power of the gospel might not be what you would think of at first glance.

In the Book of Ephesians, for example, the primary apologetic of the gospel wasn’t an apologetic of logic – an effort to prove with tangible facts and step by step reasoning why the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus makes sense. Neither was it offering first hand testimonies of encounters with the risen Savior. Neither still was it Paul’s recounting of his own encounter with Jesus on the Damascus Road and pointing to his own dramatic change of life as proof of the gospel. Those are all fine things, but that’s not what Paul held up as the validation for the gospel. Not in this book.

In Ephesians, the gospel apologetic is the church itself. Specifically, the racial diversity that Paul emphasized there.

The church at Ephesus was a racially diverse congregation. Jews and Greeks worshiped alongside each other, and that last point is key. I suppose you could argue that it would have been easier, cleaner, and more comfortable for there to be a Jewish worship service at 9. That’s the one where they blew the shofar, read from the Torah, and had banners waving proudly. But the Jewish congregants had to be out by 10, because at 10:30 there was a Gentile worship service. This one was more focused on real life issues and everyone had ham sandwiches afterward.

What you find instead is the apostle writing to emphasize the necessity of togetherness—one, unified congregation. That’s not to say they didn’t have their troubles; they certainly did. But they were together under one head. That, according to Paul, is the most convincing evidence that the gospel is real:

“But now in Christ Jesus, you who were far away have been brought near by the blood of the Messiah. For He is our peace, who made both groups one and tore down the dividing wall of hostility” (Eph. 2:13-14).

Interesting, right? Not logic. Not personal testimony. In Ephesians, it’s the unity of the church – specifically, the racial unity – that validates the reality of the gospel. Makes you wonder whether our churches are validating the gospel in a similar way.

Look around us, and there are still walls. Still hostility. Still division. And so the call to tear down that which Jesus has already torn down resounds again today. The problem might be that such an exhortation is simply not pragmatic. Here’s what I mean:

One of the principles of church growth involves creating homogeneous groups. That is, that the most effective way of growing a church is to create a group, or a church for that matter, where people look, dress, earn, and act similarly to each other. The idea behind it is that people feel most comfortable and attracted to groups that are like them. So in doing this, we target a specific group of people, gear all our marketing efforts toward them, and hope to create a buzz in that specific group of people. The homogeneous unit that’s created becomes the core of the church.

And it works. Make no mistake, it works. Well.

But just because it works doesn’t mean it’s right.

In truth, I like being in churches where people look like me. It’s easier there because I know they’re thinking what I’m thinking. They’re feeling similar things to what I’m feeling. It’s comfortable there. Only one problem – that’s not what heaven is going to be like.

If places where people are different colors, have a different socioeconomic background, or are a different culture make me uncomfortable, then the afterlife has a surprise in store. God has always been cultivating a people of His own, and that people represents every tribe, tongue, and nation. And in heaven, those people will retain their cultural identity. We’ll hear every language being spoken under the sun before the throne of Jesus:

“After this I looked, and there was a vast multitude from every nation, tribe, people, and language, which no one could number, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were robed in white with palm branches in their hands. And they cried out in a loud voice: ‘Salvation belongs to our God, who is seated on the throne, and to the Lamb!’” (Revelation 7:9-10).

Now among other things, the church of today is supposed to be a glimpse into the future. It’s a foretaste, a preview of what eternity is going to be like. If that’s true, how can we intentionally or unintentionally try and cultivate a church experience where we all look the same? It’s effective, sure.

But what is pragmatic isn’t always what is right. And what’s right isn’t always pragmatic.

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  • Judy says:

    I was reading MLK Jr.’s letters from Birmingham jail this morning. Unfortunately some of the things he wrote on the white moderate church in the 60’s are still practiced, which has brought on a judgement on our nation. If the church can’t practice racial and social diversity in our congregations; how can we say we love Jesus?

  • MK says:

    Thanks for the comment, Judy. We must mirror on earth what we will experience in heaven. Agreed.

  • James says:

    I really enjoyed this article. I’ve read about gospel breakthroughs in unreached people groups where homogeneity is encouraged over creating diverse congregations. I can see the argument that the change from separate to integrated congregations should not be forced upon a society until they’re ready (especially if their worldview hasn’t shifted yet), but it’s hard for me not to let my desire for Revelation 7:9-10 jump ahead of that.

    My favorite worship service ever was the first time I went to Kenya and we were in a church that was being held in both Swahili and in English. All of the songs were in their style of music, some in English, some in Swahili, some translations of familiar worship songs, and some original to them and foreign to us. The pastor would speak in English and would have a man next to him translating in Swahili. I loved it.

    My church has a very large Spanish speaking congregation with services in Spanish, as well as at least one Life Group in Portuguese, and a new service started this Fall in American Sign Language. This year will be the third year we do our annual all-together service on the last Sunday of the year, and I am looking forward to that. I would love for us to be able to have these more often! 🙂

  • MK says:

    What an awesome memory James. Thanks for sharing.

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